While tech companies may dip in headcount and draw back slightly, the demand for technology won’t ever become unnecessary in a world that prioritizes digitalization as a best practice. That said, tech companies that have a keen eye for innovation and foster it will become recession-resistant. Some tech companies are even created during the worst of economic times.
Historically companies that offer consumer necessities fare significantly well during an economic downturn. Industries and companies such as utility services, food and beverage, baby formula companies, and healthcare will always have a demand and a stable revenue stream. Tech companies arguably have a dynamic relationship with recessions. While they’re not recession-proof, they can prevail, if they’re innovative. This is a shocking statement compared to the slew of headlines regarding massive hiring freezes and layoffs around the tech sphere. While it seems like tech giants are experiencing a period of instability or turbulence, they’re simply being practical about the future. A report from CNBC found while the tech industry layoffs could be construed as concerning, these large tech corporations are still investing in future technologies. CNBC cited, that even though Microsoft let go of 10,000 employees, they revealed their multi-billion dollar contribution to ChatGPT- maker OpenAI shortly after.
Most tech companies went on a hiring spree during the pandemic as a result of everything going digital. They needed employees to create, develop, research, deploy, and maintain the rapidly released tech to meet the demand. The companies that weren’t tech-based were forced to get very creative in order to keep up with demands. There was a massive uptick in companies digitalizing and learning to operate online as physical contact became unfeasible. After social distancing restrictions lessened, companies tasted digitalization’s impact and didn’t want to return to pre-pandemic ways. Can you blame them? But it led to a dilemma, they needed people to maintain the technology they incorporated. Companies were hiring people as fast as possible to counter the abrupt need. Meta, in particular, went on a hiring spree and expanded its workforce by 60% in 2020.
But this is where things get tricky. Post-pandemic, the supply chain was deeply uprooted and disrupted by unforeseen global events. Goods and services cost more, availability is scarce, and everything takes longer to be received. In addition, revenue growth was curbed by inflation and geopolitical turmoil in Ukraine, Russia, and China. With an influx of employees, a decrease in revenue, and the unnerving need to remain fiscally responsible, tech companies resorted to layoffs. Companies typically cling to reducing staff during financial downturns as a pragmatic approach to save money and cut back on payroll expenses.
Investing in innovation is one of the most important strategies a company can enact to survive a recession. The foundation of innovation is built around ideating and creating revolutionary ways to identify solutions and solve problems. It involves challenging and transforming the conventional approach to delivering service offerings. When the established operating methodology is too costly or no longer feasible, typically seen during a recession, companies that create innovative ways to carry onward will be able to brace economic downturn.
The first step to leveraging innovative practices during a recession is to ensure your company is cultivating a culture of innovation. It’s an imperative step that lays the foundation for innovation, it leads to a diverse range of perspectives and approaches to complex problems. With a culture of innovation, companies are more likely to enact a digital transformation and enable technology.
During a recession, adaptability becomes a vital utility for companies. They must be agile and flexible in responding to changing market conditions and customer demands. Implementing innovative practices into your business model allows your company to remain dynamic to these changes. One of the most significant parts of having a culture of innovation is it creates a more flexible and adaptive company, able to cater to changing demands and yo-yo-ing consumer trends during a recession.
In a recession, consumer spending experiences a considerable decline, individuals reassess their spending priorities. In response, innovative companies strategically must reach two essential elements.
Innovative companies cater to the changing customer by continually seeking new ideas, and technologies or pivoting their products or services to meet evolving customer needs during a recession. These products and services must be tailored to the consumer.
During a recession, consumers typically look for products or services that are
During a recession, companies that embrace innovative technologies have the advantage of utilizing digital solutions to gather and analyze data. This data analysis predicts trends, enabling companies to stay ahead of the curve in their business strategies. Companies that adapt and meet evolving consumer demands have the opportunity to provide a unique value proposition that sets them apart from competitors. Introducing innovative service offerings allows a company to stand out and capture market shares from competitors, resulting in a higher chance of survival.
Customer loyalty becomes a powerful tool during a recession. As consumers reel spending in, companies must find innovative approaches to entice them. Innovation enables companies to navigate challenging economic climates while continuing to provide value to consumers. By implementing innovative strategies, companies enhance their customer experience and stimulate consumer spending. Innovations allow companies to divulge deeper into their customers’ purchasing habits and preferences to generate a more insightful understanding of their needs. As a result, they’re more likely to inject a more customer-centric approach to their service offerings that resonate with customers and foster a stronger relationship. Leveraging consumer behavior data helps companies attract new customers and maintain a consistent revenue stream, even during challenging economic conditions.
One of the most notable tech companies that came about during a recession is Microsoft. The tech giant grossed around $200 billion, with a B, in 2021 and has a market capitalization of almost 2 trillion. Microsoft, the brainchild of Bill Gates and Paul Allen, both computer enthusiasts, started as software for personal computers, something unheard of at its time. One might say innovative. Microsoft first entered the market in the 1970s and went public in 1986 for $21 a share, totaling $61 million. They were able to tap into consumer demands during that time. Shortly after, the company earned the title of the world’s biggest personal computer software.
Microsoft got its start around the same time as the Yom-Kippur War and the Iranian Revolution of 1979, which resulted in a massive disturbance of oil supply globally. This disruption led to the early 1980s recession, peaking from high-interest rates and oil prices. Despite the choppy market waters, Microsoft continued on an upward trajectory. They utilized innovative practices to expand into different markets from productivity software like cloud computing, to gaming, such as Xbox. Microsoft’s focus is on evolving its service offerings to ensure its products met the demands of consumers. They became a one-stop shop for technological devices and systems. Present day, Microsoft is not only considered way beyond a tech unicorn company but one of the most influential companies in the world. Despite joining the market during a recession, they have had continued success. Their willingness to champion innovation has allowed them to prevail throughout past recessions, including the dot.com and housing market crashes.
Through innovation, companies are empowered to diversify their offerings or enter new markets to reduce their dependence on a single industry. In a recession, creativity is key. By actively identifying and capitalizing on new business approaches and consumer-oriented solutions, these forward-thinking companies seize opportunities created by the recessionary landscape. Innovation, specifically disruptive innovation, creates opportunities for expansion into untapped areas mitigating the impact of a recession.
The Great Recession occurred in 2007-09 and was the most severe recession since the Great Depression. It all started with a surge in loan approvals to individuals who lacked the capacity to repay them. As a result, houses ballooned up past their true value leading to the housing market collapse. Homeowners' mortgages were placed in default and banks were hemorrhaging money as investors began withdrawing out of fear. As the crisis spread, it had a domino effect on the entire economy. Businesses felt pushback and began to lay off employees, causing the unemployment rate to skyrocket. Consumers stopped spending, and as a result, businesses suffered. It was pure mayhem and resulted in the government intervening with a massive stimulus package to stabilize the economy and prevent a total collapse.
Ironically, when consumer spending was on a drastic significant decline and penny-pinching was trending, Square, an e-commerce company, was founded by Jim McKelvey and Jack Dorsey. Square is a revolutionary way to solve the payment and transactional problems between vendors and consumers. It all started from McKelvey’s passion project of creating glass faucets and fittings but he found his clientele was impacted since he couldn’t accept any credit card forms of payment. The solution was an innovative approach to accepting credit card payments, opening up a market for vendors, artists, and small businesses. It was a device that connected to the user's mobile device’s headphone jack and its accessibility was its defining feature. At its time, Square was considered a disruptive innovation that challenged how e-commerce operated and provided vendors with an alternative route of payment.
Despite Square being founded during a serious financial crisis, it prevailed due to its innovative nature. During a time when many people were let go and turned to hobbies to make ends meet, Square found a niche market that was essentially a gold mine. The innovative mindset behind the product allowed it to grow despite the 2008 recession. Square’s 2022 financial reports revealed a gross profit of $5.99 billion dollars, a 36% increase over a year.
Implementing innovative practices in a company’s operations dramatically impacts operational efficiency and reduces costs, both of which are much needed during a recession.
Innovative practices offer cost optimization, Companies that leverage the abilities of innovation often have a more efficient and effective system that results in a more cost-effective business. Big data, is an innovative technology used to predict emerging consumer trends, drive down costs and identify opportunities for investment.
Implementing technologies to operations such as machine learning, AI, and automation streamline processes and are creative solutions to resource constraints.
One substantial impact of innovation on a company is its ability to enhance operational efficiency and boost productivity. Companies that capitalize on these technologies in their systems, training, and development maximize available resources seeing improvements in profitability and resilience during a recession.
While the word "recession" causes anxiety for both consumers and businesses, it doesn't mean it's the end. Companies that have invested in innovation are more equipped to withstand economic downturns. Innovation takes many forms, from digital tools and products to automation and Big Data analytics. Companies with innovation at the helm benefit and can evolve their service offerings, locate new revenue streams and streamline processes. Innovative companies harness the full power of innovation to thrive and excel, even amidst economic turmoil.